(178 mm x 194 mm) overall Purchased, 1999 … Mikhail Botvinnik, born in 1984 in Belarus, emigrated to Israel with his family. Armenia. Find books He further understood that White might also advance on the kingside with h2–h4–h5, provoking weaknesses that would make it more difficult to defend later on. Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users. I deliberately exclude Petrosian from the group, since from the very first rounds the latter has made it clear that he is playing for an easier, but also honourable conquest—a place in the interzonal quartet. , The Queen's Indian Defence also has a variation developed by Petrosian: 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 b6 4.a3, with the idea of preventing ...Bb4+. Petrosian is not related to Tigran Petrosian, also of Armenia, who was World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969. The team was disqualified and the Saint Louis Arch Bishops were subsequently crowned champions. When the late Tigran won the world title, Tigran's father dreamt that if he ever had a son he would call him Tigran.  His excellent playing continued through 1962 when he qualified for the Candidates Tournament for what would be his first World Championship match. Petrosian was not selected for the Soviet Olympiad side until 1958; he had already been a Candidate twice by that time. Petrosian describes the moment as a 22-year-old that he came within a move or two of playing in the powerful 1976 USSR Championship final, which was ultimately won by Anatoly Karpov above the likes of Tigran Petrosian, Mihkail Tal and Vasily Smyslov: In Minsk, for the first and last time I had tears in my eyes. Tigran Vartani Petrosian (Armenian: Տիգրան Վարդանի Պետրոսյան; Russian: Тигран Вартанович Петросян; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was a Soviet Armenian Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969. We had a babushka, a sister of my father, and she really saved me. On one occasion he offered a draw to Svetozar Gligorić, which Gligorić initially refused in surprise, but then changed his mind in a few seconds and re-offered the draw. He earned the title of Grandmaster by coming in second in the Stockholm tournament, and qualified for the 1953 Candidates Tournament. Before Petrosian no one had studied this. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). For the chess grandmaster born in 1984 who is named after him, see.  In the same year he won the first Armenian Chess960 Championship, tied for 2nd–4th with Abhijeet Gupta and Magesh Panchanathan in the third Orissa International GM Open Chess Tournament and came first in the 31st Villa de Benasque Open.  His 1971 Candidates Tournament match with Viktor Korchnoi featured so many monotonous draws that the Russian press began to complain. He was nicknamed "Iron Tigran" due to his almost impenetrable defensive playing style, which emphasized safety above all else. Chess.com and the PRO Chess League both issued lifetime bans to Petrosian. , Having won the Candidates Tournament, Petrosian earned the right to challenge Mikhail Botvinnik for the title of World Chess Champion in a 24-game match. He went on to win his first USSR Championship in 1959, and later that year in the Candidates Tournament he defeated Paul Keres with a display of his often-overlooked tactical abilities. I am a Soviet Armenian. Although responses to Fischer's allegations were mixed, FIDE later adjusted the rules and format to try to prevent future collusion in the Candidates matches. Harold C. Schonberg said that "playing him was like trying to put handcuffs on an eel. He very rarely went on the offensive unless he felt his position was completely secure. Tigran Petrosian He was born Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian in June 17 1929 and of Soviet Armenian parents.  Petrosian was orphaned during World War II and was forced to sweep streets to earn a living. Petrosian was a Candidate for the World Championship on eight occasions (1953, 1956, 1959, 1962, 1971, 1974, 1977 and 1980). This system received much attention in 1980 when it was used by the young Garry Kasparov to defeat several grandmasters. Tigran Levoni Petrosian (Armenian: Տիգրան Լևոնի Պետրոսյան; born September 17, 1984) is an Armenian chess player who holds the title of grandmaster (2004)..   In 2011, Petrosian tied for 1st–3rd with Marat Dzhumaev and Anton Filippov in the Georgy Agzamov Memorial in Tashkent and won the event on tie-break.  Petrosian could also occasionally play in an attacking, sacrificial style. [sic]" Chess.com found that Petrosian and his team, the Armenia Eagles, had violated fair play regulations.  He also won clear first prize in International "Grand Europe Open Albena-2013" in Bulgaria. I could be more 'interesting'—and also lose. He believed that in such a long match, physical fitness could become a factor in the later games. Petrosian defended his title by winning rather than drawing the match, a feat that had not been accomplished since Alexander Alekhine defeated Efim Bogoljubov in the 1934 World Championship. , Petrosian was an expert against the King's Indian Defence, and he often played what is now known as the Petrosian System: 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.e4 d6 5.Nf3 0-0 6.Be2 e5 7.d5. Petrosian learned chess at the age of five. Ebralidze was a supporter of Nimzowitsch and Capablanca, and his scientific approach to chess discouraged wild tactics and dubious combinations. Soviet chess player. In this regard, Petrosian's cautious playing style was well-suited for match play, as he could simply wait for his opponent to make mistakes and then capitalize on them. When the late Tigran won the world title, Tigran's father dreamt that if he ever had a son he would call him Tigran. But he then made ten straight Soviet Olympiad teams from 1958 to 1978, won nine team gold medals, one team silver medal, and six individual gold medals. Petrosian was born to Armenian parents on June 17, 1929 in Tiflis, Georgian SSR (modern-day Georgia). And this is my credo. Pages: 387 / 394. They even demanded separate eating and toilet facilities. Petrosian and Keres 1963. Son of Вартан ... Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (Russian: Тигра́н Варта́нович Петрося́н; Armenian: Տիգրան Պետրոսյան; June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was an Armenian-Soviet Grandmaster, and World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969. cicles consecutius, i campió de la URSS quatre vegades. The father of the junior Petrosian was a chess lover, a follower of Tigran Petrosian. He won the Soviet Championship four times (1959, 1961, 1969, and 1975). This attitude was illustrated by his result in the 1955 USSR Championship: out of 19 games played, Petrosian was undefeated, but won only four games and drew the rest, with each of the draws lasting twenty moves or less. I got sick and missed a year in school. In 2017 he finished clear first in the 45th Annual World Open at Philadelphia. It was here that he played his last famous victory, a miraculous escape against the young Garry Kasparov.  Boris Spassky, who succeeded Petrosian as World Chess Champion, described his style of play as such: "Petrosian reminds me of a hedgehog. Mikhail Botvinnik played Tigran Petrosian on Board 4 in the match between Israel and Armenia during the Children's Olympiad. Petrosian was orphaned during World War II and was forced to sweep streets to earn a living.  Some authorities refer to a variation of the Caro–Kann Defence with his name, along with former world champion Vassily Smyslov: the Petrosian–Smyslov Variation, 1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7. Petrosian: Move by Move, Thomas Engqvist, Everyman Chess. His Olympiad results follow: Petrosian also made the Soviet team for the first eight European Team Championships (from 1957 to 1983). You was doing PIPI in your pampers when I was beating players much more stronger then you! Language: english. Statisticians pointed out that when playing against each other, these Soviet competitors averaged 19 moves per game, as opposed to 39.5 moves when playing against other competitors. I believe only in logical and right game." Petrosian responded to So with a lengthy message including the comments "You are a biggest looser I ever seen in my life! His first name was deliberately chosen by his father to match the name of Tigran V. Petrosian, the first Armenian to become World Champion. The latter was Rona's son from the first marriage. He learned to play chess at the age of 8, though his illiterate father Vartan encouraged him to continue studying, as he thought chess was unlikely to bring his son any success as a career. Year: 2015. Des milliers de livres avec la livraison chez vous en 1 jour ou en magasin avec -5% de réduction . , Some of his late successes included victories at Lone Pine 1976 and in the 1979 Paul Keres Memorial tournament in Tallinn (12/16 without a loss, ahead of Tal, Bronstein, and others).  As a young boy, Petrosian was an excellent student and enjoyed studying, as did his brother Hmayak and sister Vartoosh. , Upon becoming World Champion, Petrosian campaigned for the publication of a chess newspaper for the entire Soviet Union rather than just Moscow. His match with Korchnoi in 1977 saw the two former colleagues refuse to shake hands or speak to each other.  Two of Black's responses to the Petrosian Variation were developed by grandmasters Paul Keres and Leonid Stein.  He also purchased The Art of Sacrifice in Chess by Rudolf Spielmann. Today the Petrosian Variation is still considered the most pressing variation, with the greatest score in Master games. View Tigran Petrosian's Games.  Petrosian is credited with popularizing chess in Armenia.. Petrosian achieved his grandmaster title by scoring norms at the under 18 World Championship in 2002, the Batumi Open in 2003, and the Aeroflot Open in Moscow in 2004. He placed second in the 1951 Soviet Championship, thereby earning the title of international master. Petrosian was born to Armenian parents on June 17, 1929, in Tiflis, Georgian SSR (modern-day Georgia). Tigran L. Petrosian was born on 17 September 1984. Content.  After training at the Palace of Pioneers for just one year, he defeated visiting Soviet grandmaster Salo Flohr at a simultaneous exhibition. Chess enthusiasts saw his "ultraconservative" style as an unwelcome contrast to the popular image of Soviet chess as "daring" and "indomitable". Petrosian realized he was in a difficult position because of the passive placement of his pieces, relegated to defensive roles. He was undefeated at the 1952 and 1955 Interzonals, and in 1962 he did not lose a single tournament game. Spassky won the match by 12½–10½. Saved by Ömer Yıldız. He was nicknamed Iron Tigran due to his … , By 1946, Petrosian had earned the title of Candidate Master. Send-to-Kindle or Email .  He was considered to be the hardest player to beat in the history of chess by the authors of a 2004 book. Petrosian was awarded the title of Master of Sport of the USSR in 1960, and won a second Soviet title in 1961. " Petrosian was, in the words of future World Champion Vladimir Kramnik, "the first defender with a capital D". Tigran Petrosian is now an unlockable character in Team Fortress 2 [OC] by midnightrambulador in AnarchyChess. Tigran Petrosian. The other player to have had an early effect on Petrosian's chess was José Raúl Capablanca.  The former world champion died a month before Tigran L. Petrosian was born.  At age 12 he began training at the Tiflis Palace of Pioneers under the tutelage of Archil Ebralidze. He finished fifth out of ninety-two, scoring 6/9 (+3–0=6).. He had his own nickname in the chess world, the Iron Tigran; this was because once you sat with him on a chess table, you had to think hard and smart if you wanted to penetrate his defensive plays. Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (June 17, 1929 – August 13, 1984) was an Armenian World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969. Kasparov discussed Petrosian's use of this motif: Petrosian introduced the exchange sacrifice for the sake of 'quality of position', where the time factor, which is so important in the play of Alekhine and Tal, plays hardly any role. " Petrosian responded to his criticisms by saying: "They say my games should be more 'interesting'. Petrosian was known for his use of the "positional exchange sacrifice", where one side sacrifices a rook for the opponent's bishop or knight. , In December 2009, Petrosian was awarded the title of "Honoured Master of Sport of the Republic of Armenia". In addition to practicing his chess, Petrosian also prepared for the match by skiing for several hours each day. , Petrosian preferred to play closed openings that did not commit his pieces to any particular plan. He will 'smell' any kind of danger 20 moves before!" He won eight team gold medals, and four board gold medals. On October 1, 2020, he was accused of cheating in his semi-final and final games during the Chess.com 2020 PRO Chess League by Wesley So, who was rated eighth in the world at the time. Today he played the BongCloud, pissed his pants, and ran away. The 9th World Champion was extremely difficult to beat because his defensive techniques were virtually unmatched. On July 7, 2006, a monument honouring Petrosian was opened in the Davtashen district of Yerevan, in the street named after Petrosian. Save for later Download books for free.  Near the end of the event, journalist Vasily Panov wrote the following comment about the tournament contenders: "Real chances of victory, besides Botvinnik and Smyslov, up to round 15, are held by Geller, Spassky and Taimanov.  In 1971, he played a candidates match against Robert Hübner in a noisy area in Seville, which did not disturb him, but frustrated Hübner so much that he finally withdrew from the match..  They had two sons: Vartan and Mikhail. Although this result was only good enough for seventh place in a field of 22 competitors, his more ambitious approach to tournament play was met with great appreciation from the Soviet chess community. Wikipedia wrote:Tigran L. Petrosian was born on 17 September 1984. When the late Tigran won the world title, Tigran's father dreamt that if he ever had a son he would call him Tigran. It was abo…  This variation closes the centre early in the game. Shortly after Tigran Petrosian defeated Mikhail Botvinnik in the 1963 World Championship Match, Alberic O'Kelly de Galway published a book of the new champion's games. Petrosian went on to lose the match and was subsequently fired as editor of Russia's largest chess magazine, 64. Tigran Z Marcarian, age 62, Santa Monica, CA 90403 Background Check. , This article is about the chess grandmaster born in 1984. His first name was deliberately chosen by his father to match the name of Tigran V. Petrosian, the first Armenian to become World Champion. By sacrificing the exchange 'just like that', for certain long term advantages, in positions with disrupted material balance, he discovered latent resources that few were capable of seeing and properly evaluating.. File: PDF, 10.03 MB. However, Petrosian did not even respond, instead went ahead and won the game. Known Locations: Twinsburg OH 44087, Beachwood OH 44122 Possible Relatives: Igor Babloyan, Victona Babloyan.  Petrosian's result in this event qualified him for the Interzonal the following year in Stockholm. Petrosian, representing the Soviet Union, won the tournament with a final score of 17½ points, followed by fellow Soviets Geller and Keres each with 17 points and the American Fischer with 14.  He usually won by playing consistently until his aggressive opponent made a mistake, securing the win by capitalizing upon this mistake without revealing any weaknesses of his own. Grandmaster of the USSR and International Grandmaster (1952); Honored Master of Sports (1960). He was nicknamed "Iron Tigran" due to his almost impenetrable defensive playing style, which emphasized safety above all else. Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian and Rona Yakovlevna Avinezar with their son. Tigran L. Petrosian was born on 17 September 1984.  Petrosian studied for a degree of Master of Philosophical Science at Yerevan State University; his thesis, dated 1968, was titled "Chess Logic, Some Problems of the Logic of Chess Thought"..  In January 2013 he won the Armenian Chess Championship for the second time. I don't remember how it all happened. A two-time national Champion, he competed in two Chess Olympiads winning team gold in 2008 and 2012. Tigran Petrosian, born in 1983, lives in Yerevan. Thus he was named so. Chess Players Chess Sets Game History Masters Flow Trees Photos Chess. Along with a number of other Soviet chess champions, he signed a petition condemning the actions of the defector Viktor Korchnoi in 1976. O'Kelly's selection of 30 games revealed Petrosian to be a unique, multi-faceted player and not merely the technical Grandmaster of … , A number of illustrative metaphors have been used to describe Petrosian's style of play. His first name was deliberately chosen by his father to match the name of Tigran V. Petrosian, the first Armenian to become World Champion. Chess Player #82717. June 17, 1929 (age 55) Birthplace . Of course there were no machines then, so we had to do everything by hand.  Petrosian was also honoured on the third banknote series of the Armenian dram, with his image on the 2,000 dram banknote.. by Ida Kar vintage bromide print, 1957 NPG x135026 It wasn't so bad in the early morning when the streets were empty, but when it got light and the crowds came out I really hated it. —, This page was last edited on 18 January 2021, at 07:53. His totals in Euroteams play, according to olimpbase.org, are (+15−0=37), for 64.4 per cent. ", Petrosian's style of play, although highly successful for avoiding defeats, was criticized as being dull. , After playing in the 1962 Interzonal in Stockholm, Petrosian qualified for the Candidates Tournament in Curaçao along with Pal Benko, Miroslav Filip, Bobby Fischer, Efim Geller, Paul Keres, Viktor Korchnoi, and Mikhail Tal. Petrosian earned the title of Master during the 1947 USSR Chess Championship, though he failed to qualify for the finals. Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for Tigran Petrosian His Life and Games at Amazon.com.  He set about to improve his game by studying Nimzowitsch's My System and by moving to Moscow to seek greater competition. He was born exactly after a month and four days on 17th September 1984 after the demise the World Champion. For his eponym, the chess world champion, see, "Tigran L. Petrosian – Chess960 Champion", "GM Aleksej Aleksandrov victorious in Orissa", "Tigran Petrosian Victorious in Benasque Open", "72nd ARM Championship.  She is buried at the Jewish section of the Vostryakovsky cemetery in Moscow. I started sweeping streets in the middle of the winter and it was horrible. Please login to your account first; Need help? ... Petra, and his son, Igor. Tigran Petrosian | Bjelica, D. | download | Z-Library. He won the World Championship in 1963 (against Mikhail Botvinnik), successfully defended it in 1966 (against Boris Spassky), and lost it to Spassky in 1969. ", In 1952, Petrosian married Rona Yakovlevna (née Avinezer, 1923–2005), a Russian Jew born in Kyiv, Ukraine. It was the continuation of a bitter feud between the two, dating back at least to their 1974 Candidates semifinal match in which Petrosian withdrew after five games while trailing 3½–1½ (+3−1=1). Petrosian describes the moment as a 22-year-old that he came within a move or two of playing in the powerful 1976 USSR Championship final, which was ultimately won by Anatoly Karpov above the likes of Tigran Petrosian, Mihkail Tal and Vasily Smyslov: Only the very best dared to play for a win against Tigran Petrosian. Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian (17 de juny de 1929 - 13 agost 1984) va ser un escaquista soviètic, campió mundial del 1963 al 1969.Petrosian era armeni, encara que va néixer a la ciutat de Tbilissi, Geòrgia, URSS i va morir a la capital de Rússia, Moscou. He received coaching from Gagik Sargissian and Melikset Khachiyan before entering a chess academy in 2002, where he was occasionally instructed by GM Arsen Yegiazarian and IM Ashot Nadanian. — Tigran Petrosian, "I'm absolutely convinced that in chess – although it remains a game – there is nothing accidental. We offer the widest selection of Tigran Petrosian at the lowest prices with same-day shipping. x 7 5/8 in. However, it is necessary to learn to play well and only afterwards will one experience real delight." As white, he often played the English Opening.  Fischer later accused the Soviet players of arranging draws and having "ganged up" on him to prevent him from winning the tournament. In his 1966 match with Spassky, he won Game 7 and Game 10 this way. Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian foi o único jogador a ganhar um jogo a Bobby Fischer durante os últimos jogos do torneio de candidatos de 1971, acabando com a sequência impressionante de Fischer de dezenove vitórias consecutivas (6 ainda nos jogos do agrupamento Interzonal, 6 frente a Mark Taimanov, 6 frente a Larsen e ainda o primeiro jogo do seu match). In 1966, three years after Petrosian had earned the title of World Chess Champion, he was challenged by Boris Spassky. That's when this trouble with my hearing started. He seemed content drawing against weaker players and maintaining his title of Grandmaster rather than improving his chess or making an attempt at becoming World Champion. At the time of his death, Petrosian was working on a set of chess-related lectures and articles to be compiled in a book. , His hobbies included football, backgammon, cross-country skiing, table tennis, and gardening. Chess can convey as much happiness as a good book or work of music can. Petrosian was a Candidate for the World Championship on eight occasions … He learned to play chess at the age of 8, though his illiterate father Vartan encouraged him to continue studying, as he thought chess was unlikely to bring his son any success as a career. , Petrosian was partially deaf and wore a hearing aid during his matches, which sometimes led to strange situations. One of Petrosian's most famous examples of the positional exchange sacrifice is from his game against Samuel Reshevsky in Zurich 1953 (see diagram). Here is what ex-champion Vassily Smyslov predicted before the match: The World Champion has penetrated deeper perhaps than anyone into … He was nicknamed “Iron Tigran” due to his almost impenetrable defensive playing style, which emphasized safety above all else. In a game against Mark Taimanov during the 1955 USSR Chess Championship, Petrosian moved the same rook 6 times in a 24-move game, with 4 of those moves occurring on consecutive turns.  When asked by Anthony Saidy whether he is Russian, Petrosian replied: "Abroad, they call us all Russians. In that year alone, he drew against Grandmaster Paul Keres at the Georgian Chess Championship, then moved to Yerevan where he won the Armenian Chess Championship and the USSR Junior Chess Championship. Petrosian was a Candidate for the World Chess Championship on eight occasions (1953, 1956, 1959, 1962, 1971, 1974, 1977 and 1980). Would Boris fare better the second time around? , Petrosian died of stomach cancer on August 13, 1984, in Moscow and is buried in the Moscow Armenian Cemetery. Just when you think you have caught him, he puts out his quills. He shared first place (with Portisch and Hübner) in the Rio de Janeiro Interzonal the same year, and won second place in Tilburg in 1981, half a point behind the winner Beliavsky. This style of play often led to draws, especially against other players who preferred to counterattack. In a 1969 interview with Time magazine, he recalled:, He used his rations to buy Chess Praxis by Danish grandmaster Aron Nimzowitsch, a book which Petrosian later stated had the greatest influence on him as a chess player.  Whereas a multitude of draws in tournament play could prevent a player from taking first place, draws did not affect the outcome of a one-on-one match. He made more effort to prevent his opponent's offensive capabilities than he did to make use of his own. Shop for Tigran Petrosian Chess Products at US Chess Federation Sales.  Petrosian won the match against Botvinnik with a final score of 5 to 2 with 15 draws, securing the title of World Champion. Please read our short guide how to send a book to Kindle. Even today, very few players can operate confidently at the board with such abstract concepts. In 1969, Tigran Petrosian was due to defend his title, once again against Boris Spassky. Tigran L. Petrosian was born on 17 September 1984. In the rare case that someone managed to bring him into difficulties they ran a serious risk of having to face a … And I was ashamed of being a street sweeper—that's natural, I suppose. Boris Spassky subsequently stated: "It is to Petrosian's advantage that his opponents never know when he is suddenly going to play like Mikhail Tal." White plays OK for a kid, but Black is a Terror. Although his consistent playing ensured decent tournament results, it was looked down upon by the public and by Soviet chess media and authorities. 7. These were edited by his wife Rona and published posthumously, in Russian under the title "Шахматные лекции Петросян" (1989) and in English as "Petrosian's Legacy" (1990).  As evidence for this claim, he noted that all 12 games played between Petrosian, Geller, and Keres were draws. GM Tigran Petrosian – GM Mikhail Botvinnik World Championship Match 1963, (5) Grünfeld Defence 1.c4 g6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Nf3 Bg7 5.e3 0-0 6.Be2 dxc4 7.Bxc4 c5 8.d5 e6 9.dxe6 Qxd1+ 10.Kxd1 Bxe6 11.Bxe6 fxe6 12.Ke2 Petrosian actually trailed by a point when this game was played, but he stays true to his style with a low-key opening content to seek the tiniest of advantages. Tigran Petrosian was World Chess Champion from 1963 to 1969. PetrosianBot 1 point 2 points 3 points 3 hours ago ... My 3yo son is a chess prodigy like Beth Harmon.  In the 1960s and 1970s, he lived at 59 Pyatnitskaya Street. — Tigran Petrosian, "During tournament analysis sessions players all speak at once, but whenever Petrosian said anything, everyone would shut up and listen."  He had a strong affinity for knights rather than bishops, a characteristic that is attributed to the influence of Aron Nimzowitsch. " He has been described as a centipede lurking in the dark, a tiger looking for the opportunity to pounce, a python who slowly squeezes his victims to death, and as a crocodile who waits for hours to make a decisive strike. His overall performance in Olympiad play is impressive: +78−1=50 (only one game lost, to Robert Hübner, out of 129 played), for 79.8 per cent, the third all-time best performance after Anatoly Karpov (+43−2=23 for 80.1 per cent) and Mikhail Tal (+65−2=34 for 81.2 per cent). , Another consequence of Petrosian's style of play was that he did not score many victories, which in turn meant he seldom won tournaments even though he often finished 2nd or 3rd. In 1987, World Chess Champion Garry Kasparov unveiled a memorial at Petrosian's grave which depicts the laurel wreath of World Champion and an image contained within a crown of the sun shining above the twin peaks of Mount Ararat – the national symbol of Petrosian's Armenian homeland. Playing White, after obtaining a slightly inferior position from the opening, he defended through two adjournments and eleven total hours of play to obtain a draw. Tigran T Nikogosian, age 51, Studio City, CA 91604 Background Check. Это его мама заставила, "Armenia new 1,000-, 2,000-, and 5,000-dram notes (B319 - B321) confirmed", Tigran Vartanovich Petrosian vs Mark Taimanov, King's Indian Defense, Petrosian Variation, Queen's Indian Defense, Petrosian Variation, Gruenfeld Defense: Three Knights Variation, Petrosian System, French Defense: Winawer Variation, Petrosian Variation, Chess Champion of the World Tigran Petrosian, "KC-Conference with Levon Aronian Part 1", Limited Liability Company Elk and Ruby Publishing House, Grandmaster Games Database – Tigran Petrosian, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tigran_Petrosian&oldid=1001106545, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
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