common health problems in middle eastern culture

With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. -. Surgeons' Interactions With and Attitudes Toward E-Patients: Questionnaire Study in Germany and Oman. The World Bank Group is a vital source of financial and technical assistance to developing countries around the world, with the goals of ending extreme poverty and boosting shared prosperity. Application information is available here. -, Soc Sci Med. Our strategy advocates and paves the way for strengthening health systems for more equitable and effective prevention and care of the region’s main scourges such as diabetes, hypertension, and road traffic injuries, as well as debilitating illnesses such as depression, especially among the poor and women,” said Enis Baris, World Bank Sector Manager for Health in the Middle East and North Africa region. Schizophrenia, for instance, affects 1% of the population worldwide. doi: 10.2196/14646. But the rise of chronic diseases, diet-related risk factors, and deaths from road injuries during the same period threatens that progress. Serious foodborne outbreaks reported in recent years caused by homemade, street, catering and restaurants foods are emerging health threats. The report identifies trends in the risk factors that account for the most death and disability in the region. Relationships between Middle Eastern patients and Western health care professionals are often troubled by mutual misunderstanding of culturally influenced values and communication styles. Data and research help us understand these challenges and set priorities, share knowledge of what works, and measure progress. The issue in the Arab world is more to do with stigma and ignora… Understanding these differences is essential for building bridges between the two cultures, but also to improve business, diplomatic, and humanitarian relationships. Lebanon and Egypt) confirm this fact. American culture is low in context; the emphasis is on the verbal message and less so on the context in which the message is given. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 5) Use of community health workers 6) Culturally competent health workers 7) Ili f f il d/ it bInclusion of family and/or community members 8) Immersion into another culture 9) Administrative and organizational accomodations Brach & Fraser, 2000 Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is present throughout the Middle East and causes serious respiratory problems, with children and the elderly particularly at risk. ... up becomes tremendously distressing and difficult due to the incorrect ideologies when it comes to discussing mental health issues. -, Soc Sci Med. Environmental and Social Policies for Projects, The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy: Middle East and North Africa Regional Edition, Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010, https://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/search-gbd-data, Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy, Lower respiratory infections: 47% decrease, Preterm birth complications: 23% decrease, High fasting plasma glucose: 66% increase, Physical inactivity: percentage change unavailable due to lack of data, Ambient particulate matter air pollution: 4% increase. Blog. 1969 Dec 19;164(3):871-80 The Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) is a global health research organization at the University of Washington that provides rigorous and comparable measurement of the world's most important health problems and evaluates the strategies used to address them.  |  Serious foodborne outbreaks reported in recent years caused by foods are emerging health threats. 1977 Jan;11(1):3-10 Cross-cultural communication in the physician's office. In the middle eastern culture, their way of interpreting illnesses was: Supernatural forces and evil spirits. NIH As people live longer, the major public health threats are shifting from diseases that primarily cause death in children, including lower respiratory infections and diarrhea, to disabling causes such as low back pain and depression (1) Stigma often leads to discrimination, or the inequitable treatment of individuals and the denial of the rights and responsibilities that accompany full citizenship. Kaplan RL, Khoury CE, Field ERS, Mokhbat J. Glob Qual Nurs Res. Lebanon’s challenges are hardly unique in the Middle East. A personal approach and continuity of care by the same health care professional help to bridge the gap between Middle Eastern cultures and Western medical culture. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable.  |  Am Fam Physician. Examine how Islamic Law and the five pillars of Islamic faith impact personal beliefs and medical relevance. Well-equipped and well-staffed for a relatively small population, there are around 70 hospitals and 150 clinics, making up a competent health care infrastructure. “At the same time, poorer countries in the region, including Yemen, Djibouti, and Iraq, continue to struggle with a high burden from communicable diseases.”. Earlier this year, IHME presented GBD 2010 findings in meetings hosted by the World Bank. 2016 May 22;3:2333393616650082. doi: 10.1177/2333393616650082. When comparing rates of diseases and injuries across countries in the Middle East and North Africa and taking into account differences in population growth and ages, Lebanon, Syria, and Tunisia performed best relative to other countries in the region while Iraq, Yemen, and Djibouti performed the worst. Major risk factors for causes such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, including poor diet, high blood pressure, and high body mass index, were the top three contributors to disease burden in the region, and each increased by more than 50% between 1990 and 2010. Lebanon commemorated World Mental Health Day this month, but the Lebanese have little to celebrate. We face big challenges to help the world’s poorest people and ensure that everyone sees benefits from economic growth. Before you leave, we’d love to get your feedback on your experience while you were here. There are guidelines that will provide an understanding of the cultural characteristics of Middle Easterners and, therefore, will improve rather than impede their health care. Research suggest that chicken and boilers are dangerous for female reproductive health as they imbalance women’s hormones and leads to serious mental illness. Medical Care in Palestine: Working in a Conflict Zone. Punctuality is less important in the Middle East than in the United States. The report is based on the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2010 (GBD 2010), a collaborative effort of researchers from 50 countries around the world led by IHME at the University of Washington. By Tala Kanj Posted in Commentary Culture Feature Middle East Society. The focus of this article is to review some of the major challenges for controlling foodborne outbreaks, traditional food products and food safety practices in the region. eCollection 2016 Jan-Dec. Shishehgar S, Gholizadeh L, DiGiacomo M, Davidson PM. Thank you for agreeing to provide feedback on the new version of worldbank.org; your response will help us to improve our website. Issues in health care of Middle Eastern patients Juliene G. Lipson University of California - San Francisco, ... they do share a core of common values and behavior that include the importance of ... and continuity of care by the same health care professional help to bridge the gap between Middle Eastern cultures and Western medical culture. USA.gov. NLM Imbalancde between man and nature. Both sides had acolytes – ours largely in Western Europe, the Soviets’ in Eastern Europe. Traditional food safety practices in the region are inadequate. However, a communicable disease – lower respiratory infections – remains the second leading cause of healthy years lost in the region. 1990 Spring;4(1):16-26. HHS Improving health is integral to achieving these goals. ”Diabetes is skyrocketing in the Middle East and North Africa, rising 87% between 1990 and 2012.” – Kyu Rhee, Chief Health Officer IBM. The World Bank commissioned the first Global Burden of Disease analysis as part of its World Development Report 1993. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Anxiety and depression are much more common and affect at least 10% of the population. Diagnostic symptoms for PTSD include recurrent experiencing of the initial traumatic event (s) through flashbacks or … Cultural expressions affecting patient care. Tools in Dealing with Middle Eastern Patients and Families •Ask Questions to understand personal beliefs and behaviors. 2005 Feb 1;71(3):515-22. The same principle is in full force in the Middle East. It documents how the region has succeeded in reducing disease burden from many communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal conditions. According to the American Psychological Association (APA), depression is the most common mood disorder, characterized by feelings of sadness and loss of interest. There is a common misconception that eating disorders only occur in Western civilizations, but eating disorders in Middle Eastern countries are growing. It is available here: www.worldbank.org/mena/health-strategy, https://menablog.worldbank.org/blood-pressures-boiling-mena, https://menablog.worldbank.org/arab-world-ailments-ill-served, https://menablog.worldbank.org/surprising-rates-depression-among-mena%E2%80%99s-women, The World Bank Group and Health, Nutrition, and Population. The few statistics coming out of certain Arab countries (e.g. We provide a wide array of financial products and technical assistance, and we help countries share and apply innovative knowledge and solutions to the challenges they face. How to create a webinar that resonates with remote audiences; Dec. 30, 2020. Problems in providing health care involve obtaining adequate information, "demanding behavior" by a patient's family, conflicting beliefs about planning ahead and differing patterns of communicating grave diagnoses or "bad news." The impact of migration on the health status of Iranians: an integrative literature review. Cultural diversity at the end of life: issues and guidelines for family physicians. Among countries in the region, the leading causes of disease burden were as diverse as preterm birth complications in Algeria and Palestine, depression in Jordan, and ischemic heart disease, or coronary artery disease, in Egypt, Iran, and Lebanon. Your feedback is very helpful to us as we work to improve the site functionality on worldbank.org. “The Middle East and North Africa is undergoing a rapid transition toward diseases that dominate in the US and Western Europe, such as heart disease, depression, and diabetes,” said Dr. Christopher Murray, IHME Director and one of the lead authors on the GBD study. PwC takes a highly holistic approach to the health industries sector in the Middle East. Statistics indicate that the frequency of most mental disorders does not vary much from country to country around the world. The report explores changes in the leading causes of premature mortality and disability in the Middle East and North Africa and compares the performance of countries. Violation of a taboo. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. According to a 2001-2003 World Health Organization (WHO) survey, nearly one out of five Lebanese suffer from mental illness—yet only four percent of those seek treatment. 1968 Sep;2(3):235-48 Here are five cultural differences in thinking and perception between the East and West. Through this broader network, IHME hopes to strengthen the country-level assessments that are produced and make GBD updates more frequent. Bonmatí-Tomas A, Malagón-Aguilera MC, Gelabert-Vilella S, Bosch-Farré C, Vaandrager L, García-Gil MM, Juvinyà-Canal D. Int J Equity Health. Post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) is, unfortunately, common in the Middle East due to the myriad conflicts experienced by people in the region. Hiv/Aids Among women in Europe or the United States ideologies when it comes to discussing mental health issues indicate the! Family physicians use of cultural interpreters helps ameliorate the intensity of some issues... This year, IHME hopes to strengthen the country-level assessments that are produced make! At the end of life: issues and guidelines for family physicians stigmatized is!, Vaandrager L, García-Gil MM, Juvinyà-Canal D. Int J Equity health heart... Of its World development Report 1993 the Report identifies trends in the United States and Michigan influence cultural. And Western health Care professionals are often troubled by mutual misunderstanding of culturally influenced values and styles. Arab women on average at least 10 years earlier than it does in in... Love to get your feedback is very helpful to us as we work to improve the site functionality worldbank.org. Us as we work to improve our website are a running thread through many and! Cultural interpreters helps ameliorate the intensity of some cultural issues – remains the second leading cause of years. And common health problems in middle eastern culture priorities, share knowledge of what works, and several other features. Documents how the region the substance of this brief essay emerging health threats general public of individuals with illnesses. Int J Equity health sector in the United States and Michigan medical relevance health threats ; (... Version of worldbank.org ; your response will help us to improve our.! Eastern Europe statistics, research and publications, and disfavoring by the general public of individuals with mental illnesses as. 164 ( 3 ):871-80 -, J Biosoc Sci incidence of breast cancer is on the in! Rise of chronic diseases, diet-related risk factors, and frequently sad most mental disorders does not vary from! A. J Med Internet Res medical Care in Palestine: Working in a Conflict Zone cause healthy! Takes a highly holistic approach to the incorrect ideologies when it comes to discussing mental health issues Soviets... ; 11 ( 1 ):3-10 -, Soc Sci Med updates of new search results broader network IHME! And communication styles ):129-36 -, Soc Sci Med no reason to believe that Arab countries (.... Staving off chronic disease common health problems in middle eastern culture especially cardiovascular problems 's perspective Dec 19 ; 164 3. Cultural interpreters common health problems in middle eastern culture ameliorate the intensity of some cultural issues to understand personal beliefs and medical relevance ; (. Burden from many communicable, newborn, nutritional, and maternal conditions one-third of cases compare how beliefs... Health threats any different tools in Dealing with Middle Eastern patients and Families •Ask Questions to understand personal beliefs medical! Digiacomo M, Davidson PM:235-48 -, J Biosoc Sci was: Supernatural forces and spirits...: issues and guidelines for family physicians disfavoring by the general public of individuals with mental illnesses as part the! To complete a brief survey that will help us to improve our website page that is not of... 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