In 2012 the island staged its first annual book festival which featured, amongst others, Alexander McCall Smith, James Robertson, and Scots Makar Liz Lochhead. In 1995 evidence of large-scale Mesolithic nut shelling, some 8,000 years ago, was found in a midden pit at Staosnaig on the island's sheltered east coast, in a large, shallow pit full of the remains of hundreds of thousands of burned hazelnut shells. Colonsay persons who served in WWI and survived - a note by Alan Davis, author of Colonsay's Fallen. COLONSAY KINDRED No. Log fires, deep sofas, luxurious beds with Egyption cotton bed linen. Colonsay, together with Oronsay is approximately ten miles long and two miles wide and is located in the Hebrides off the west coast of Scotland. COME AND STAY IN OUR 4 STAR SELF-CATERING COTTAGES, WHEN YOU ARE HERE, WHY NOT JOIN US FOR: FERN APPRECIATION WALKS, THE CORNCRAKE: recreated archive of the first 100 editions (work in progress). What are the best hotels near Kiloran Beach? 3 January 2015: Contents - Welcome; News; "Wartime Colonsay 1939 - 45", by Ken McAllister; "Vernacular Dwellings in Colonsay"; "A "new" archaeological site in Colonsay"; "The sguidean or rock-shelters of Colonsay"; "The earliest occupation-sites in Colonsay"; "The McNeill Portraits 1880-1910" inc. McPhee, Buie, Galbreath, Duncan, Cowling interest; A note to Readers. The Colonsay Hotel. directed by Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger was principally shot on Mull and references the fictional "Isle of Kiloran", which was based on Colonsay. In 2006 the former grass airstrip was upgraded and provided with a hard surface in readiness for the introduction of a scheduled air service. See www.inveraray-inn.co.uk or Best Western Crianlarich Hotel or its associated B & B, the Arts & Crafts style Glenbruar B & B. in 1549 Dean Monro wrote that Colonsay was "seven myle lange from the northeist to the southwest, with twa myle bredthe, ane fertile ile guid for quhit fishing. Both projects are still tender and will have to evolve. The Colonsay Hotel has a restaurant that is open to non-residents. Details will be posted up locally and volunteers will be welcome. A schedule of services and all sorts of other news will be found at www.colonsaychurches.org, Fern Appreciation Walks: Colonsay has about 36 different ferns, so if they might be of interest please see Fern Walks, Islander Rates at Mainland Hotels: if you need somewhere nice to stay on your way to or from Colonsay, you might like to consider Inveraray or Crianlarich, which are just one hour from Oban. The current owner is Alex Strathcona, 5th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, who lives on Colonsay with his wife, Jane, and family. COLONSAY PARISH CHURCH: The text of a leaflet for visitors. Jean was born in Hamilton on the 5th of December 1930 where she attended St John’s Grammar School and Hamilton Academy. A lovely walk of around five miles starts at Colonsay Hotel and heads northwards up the rough track that passes to the left of the hotel. St Cathan's Chapel may date from the 14th century. 1 September 2014: Contents - "Migration from Colonsay", notes by Prof. John Sheets; "Colonsay Regatta 1892"; "Donald McMillan 1858 -1885", an appreciation by Kevin Byrne; "An Oronsay Grave - A. Fisher" and "Colonsay Fire Station". The island is cut by numerous geological faults many of which are aligned either NE-SW or ENE-WSW. The Colonsay Hotel is open, Easter celebrated, and chocolate eggs searched for, found and eaten. The island's population was 124 as recorded by the 2011 census an increase of nearly 15% since 2001 when there were 108 usual residents. They are ploys by Kevin Byrne, who has an archive of information which really should be shared, and the intention is to host such material here. The island has its own primary school, a hotel, a … A similar event occurs every autumn, called "Connect with Colonsay", which runs over a three-week period in October. It's about 1km from the ferry pier in Scalasaig. The nuts were radiocarbon dated to 7720±110 BP, which calibrates to c. 6000 BCE. , In 2013 the Argyll and Bute Council threatened legal action against Alexander Howard over the state of the Rubh' Aird Alanais beach following the significant removal of gravel leading to large holes. The island can be seen from Ulva and can also be viewed en route to the Treshnish Isles on a boat trip from Ulva Ferry. There are also areas of glacial till of Pleistocene age and of peat formed in the postglacial period.. Frequently Asked Questions about Isle of Colonsay hotels. See www.inveraray-inn.co.uk or Best Western Crianlarich Hotel or its associated B & B, the Arts & Crafts style Glenbruar B & B , There are a variety of ruined hill forts on the island such as Dùn Cholla and Dùn Meadhonach. Since 1904 the house has been the property of the island's later owners, the Barons Strathcona and Mount Royal. If you are interested in the specific field of Colonsay Family History, you will find another bi-monthly newsletter, called Colonsay Kindred, which is accessed at www.colonsay.info. , Since 2011 the island has held a three-week "Festival of Spring" annually in May. From 1 January 2014 it has been an offence to keep any other honeybee on either island. Coordinates: 56°4′N 6°13′W / 56.067°N 6.217°W / 56.067; -6.217, General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003). The ancestral home of Clan Macfie and the Colonsay branch of Clan MacNeil, it is in the council area of Argyll and Bute and has an area of 4,074 hectares (10,070 acres). The order is a targeted measure to protect an important population of black bees on Colonsay from hybridisation with non-native bees" (the "non-native species legislation" was used because Apis mellifera are considered to be non-native to Colonsay, but considered native to Scotland as it was the first honey bee to be introduced for use in beekeeping there) The bees on Colonsay are now referred to as the "Colonsay Dark Native Bee". The nuts were harvested in a single year and pollen analysis suggests that the hazel trees were all cut down at the same time. COLONSAY HISTORY No. Next edition due January 2015. Hebridean Air Services operates from Oban Airport and Islay Airport to Colonsay Airport. 4 March 2015: Contents - Welcome; News; Bonaveh Project; Victorian Photographs; McNeill Photographs; Some Saints Associated with Colonsay & Oronsay; A note to Readers. The 1945 film I Know Where I'm Going! Superficial deposits consist largely of modern-day beach deposits, some raised marine deposits and blown sand. This ile is bruikit be ane gentle capitane, callit M’Duffyhe, and pertened of auld to Clandonald of Kyntyre.". The Environment and climate Change Minister Paul Wheelhouse MSP said: "The Bee Keeping Order illustrates how our non-native species legislation can be used to protect our native wildlife. We show 4 Hotels and B&B's our cheapest rate in Isle of Colonsay is from £91 per night, up to 70% off hotel room rates on Hotels & BB's Farming Scene a photo from WWII lent by John Clark, Memoir of Philip Pfaff who was stationed in Colonsay during part of WWII, Matters arising - comments by readers and additional information on any of the 5 items listed above, Sasine of 1830 - the Old Laird borrowing £2,900, interesting local detail.  Colonsay is the smallest island in the world with its own brewery. It is one of the smallest of the inhabited Hebridean islands. Sheets. For the island the new season has begun. Port Askaig Hotel, St. Columba Hotel, and Islay House are some of the most popular hotels for travelers looking to stay near Kiloran Beach. 1 October 2014: Contents include a full transcription of Colonsay 1911 Census and an archive of 65 McNeill family portraits, plus plenty more. Colonsay’s golf course, 90 minutes away by CalMac ferry, goes back to 1775. Built in 1750 as an inn for the local population and the rare visitor, the exterior of The Colonsay hotel in Scotland has remained largely unchanged. 2 December 2014: Contents include a full transcription of the will of Archibald McNeill, sometime laird of Colonsay, plus plenty more.  In the 14th century the name was recorded as Coluynsay and by Dean Monro in the 16th century as Colvansay. 4 March 2015: Contents - follow the link and see, COLONSAY KINDRED No. Although Colonsay appears bare and somewhat forbidding on approach from the sea, its landscape is varied, with several beautiful sandy beaches, and a sheltered and fertile interior, unusually well-wooded for a Hebridean island. It first appeared in September 2014 and all the issues can be accessed from this page. The Garden Cafe at Colonsay House Gardens is open on Wednesdays and Fridays from 1200 to 1700. The Colonsay Group, which takes its name from the island, is an estimated 5,000-metre-thick (16,000 ft) sequence of mildly metamorphosed Neoproterozoic sedimentary rocks that also outcrop on the islands of Islay and Oronsay and the surrounding seabed. Keir and Grace welcome you to Colonsay General Store. Book The Colonsay, Isle of Colonsay on Tripadvisor: See 224 traveller reviews, 52 candid photos, and great deals for The Colonsay, ranked #1 of 1 hotel in Isle of Colonsay … , Colonsay may be the smallest island ever to host a rugby festival, all the more remarkable as there is no permanent rugby pitch.. , This discovery gives an insight into communal activity and forward planning of the period. Colonsay House was first built by the McNeil family in 1722. COLONSAY KINDRED No.  They were collected from across Scotland in the previous thirty years, genetic analysis has shown Australian and New Zealand A. m. ligustica introgression. Colonsay (Scottish Gaelic: Colbhasa; Scots: Colonsay) is an island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, located north of Islay and south of Mull. Caledonian MacBrayne ferries sail to Oban and, between April and October, to Kennacraig via Port Askaig on Islay. Perched on the hillside above the harbour, the hotel has commanding views over the sea to the neighbouring island of Jura. Cheap rates on Pennyghael Hotel Isle Of Mull, Pennyghael Estate Isle of Mull, Ardoran House Isle of Colonsay. The site you are viewing currently is intended to be a repository of more generic material but there will inevitably be some overlap. 2 November 2014: Contents - "The Voyage of the Spencer", by Hector Munn; Murdoch MacNeill, his portrait; Dr. Mary McNeill, daughter to Alexander and Mary; Rev. Similar sites in Britain and its dependenci…  In November 2006 a construction worker from Glasgow was arrested and confessed to theft by housebreaking having entered an unlocked house and stolen £60 in cash. Perched on the hillside above the harbour, the hotel has commanding views over the sea to the neighbouring island of Jura. Do read our reviews on TripAdvisor. The sequence has been correlated with the Grampian Group, the oldest part of the Dalradian Supergroup. Every August, it hosts the annual Colonsay Open, when anyone who turns up can pit their skills against the course. Howard infuriated island residents, by accusing them of removing gravel from a beach without permission. Cheap rates on Ardoran House Isle of Colonsay, Ardoran House Isle of Iona, Pennyghael Estate Isle of Mull. See the full list: Hotels near Kiloran Beach. B&B's in Isle of Colonsay. we have had the pleasure of running the island's only grocery store since April 2012, Keir having worked at the shop for many seasons previously. 4 April 2015: Contents refer to Nicolas McNeill, Colonsay's first victim in WWI; the Victorian photographs; identification of Ena Worthington; Riasg Buidhe article by Prof. The laird co-owns The Colonsay Hotel with three friends and is understood to have bought it in 2005 for over £400,000. Lamprophyre dykes, assigned to the same suite are also frequently seen intruding the country rocks. April is typically the month when, with lengthening days, the sun beats back the last lingering darkness of winter and the island throws off the last weeds of … Next edition due May 2015. Brief introductory note about the history of the Isles of Colonsay and Oronsay (KB). Locals said that innocent people had been labelled "thieves" and "peasants". Mighty oaks from little acorns grow - the following few items were just to make a start before the Newsletter got under way. View over Colonsay and Oronsay to the right, the Paps of Jura in the distance. The name “Colonsay” (Gaelic Colbhasa) is said to derive from St Columba, who was banished from Ireland in 563 AD.He supposedly first landed here, … Anything written is in good faith - please feel free to challenge, correct or enhance the material; inevitably most will be written by [KB], who can only apologise! Jane and Alex Howard, the owners of nearby Colonsay House, bought the hotel back into the estate two years ago and this spring fully relaunched it as The Colonsay. Later intrusions took place during the early Palaeogene period and consists of microgabbro dykes assigned to the North Britain Palaeogene Dyke Suite. Laird of Colonsay Alex Howard, and a few friends, took action to save the island’s only hotel and bar for the remote community by buying it when the … The Churches: The Baptist Church is no longer in regular use, and is on loan to the Heritage Trust. Glasgow; Euan Howard, 4th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, Alexander Howard, 5th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal, Inverness, Nairn, Badenoch and Strathspey, List of Northern Lighthouse Board lighthouses, "Map of Scotland in Scots - Guide and gazetteer", "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands", Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two), "Colonsay Sheet 35 Solid and Drift Edition", "Anger as laird blames crofters in gravel dispute", Scotland's Census 2001 – Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands, "Scotland's 2011 census: Island living on the rise", "Hebridean beer pioneers win battle of the tiny islands", "Wild Island Gin – Proudly produced using hand foraged island botanicals", "Hebridean policeman's lot is a happy one", "Colonsay's first house thief is fined £400", "First crime recorded on Colonsay for seven years", "Colonsay and Oronsay to become honeybee havens", "The health and status of the feral honeybee ( Apis mellifera sp ) and Apis mellifera mellifera population of the UK", "Grave Location For Holders of the Victoria Cross in Strathclyde", Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, Island at the Edge Colonsay produce website, Colonsay Estate Website and Holiday Cottages, Heart of Neolithic Orkney World Heritage Site, A Description of the Western Isles of Scotland, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Colonsay&oldid=996930741, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, General articles using infobox Lighthouse, Pages using infobox Lighthouse needing Wikidata item, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, quadrangular tower covered by aluminium panels with balcony and light on the top, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 06:21. We show 3 B&B's our cheapest rate in Isle of Colonsay is from £91 per night, up to 70% off bed and breakfast room rates on Hotels & BB's Another young couple, who were married on the island a few years ago, have just taken over the running of the Colonsay Hotel.  The hotel overlooks the harbour, and there is also a cafe and bakery, a shop and post office. Beach Cleaning: 2019 marks Year 7 of a campaign to clear and keep cleared all litter from roadsides, lochsides, paths and the entire 50 miles of our coastline; the project has been an amazing success, Colonsay is believed to be the ONLY Hebridean island in pristine condition. , In 2008, Colonsay hosted the first ever Ceòl Cholasa, the island's own folk festival. Colonsay Estate, which is owned by the laird, officially informed locals, on behalf of the hotel partnership, that the former drover’s inn, which dates back … Another interesting historical feature is the priory on Oronsay from which much is still standing today. Colonsay is a small island in the Inner Hebrides, about 8 miles long by 2½ miles wide, with Scalasaig as its main settlement and jetty.Colonsay is rocky yet fertile, with fine beaches, and is linked by a tidal causeway to Oronsay. The target is to try to produce something here about general history every two months (September, November etc. That very welcome sign ended up last November in the annual Jura Bonfire at the hotel … Current projects include running the islands coal supply and only petrol pump, a major Rhododendron ponticum eradication programme and a feasibility study into the possibility of improving the harbour and surrounding area. Colonsay hotel regularly holds quiz and music nights, and a ceilidh is held every Saturday night in the village hall during the summer months. In the far north at the north end of Traigh Ban is an outcrop of the orthogneiss of the Palaeoproterozoic age Rhinns Complex named from the larger outcrop on nearby Islay. The Scottish Government introduced the Bee Keeping (Colonsay and Oronsay) Order 2013 to prevent cross breeding with other honeybees (Apis mellifera) and to protect it from diseases common on the mainland. This site seeks to share and celebrate all aspects of the history and heritage of the Isles of Colonsay and Oronsay. By Air There's a small airport on the island and Hebridean Air operates a twice-weekly service from Oban to Colonsay (Tuesdays and Thursdays in 2017, costing from £35-70 one way). Make a Booking Enquiry. Recently there has been a growth of tourism as the mainstay of the island's economy, with numerous holiday cottages, many of them owned and managed by the Isle of Colonsay Estate. The Colonsay Hotel sits up the hillside a couple of hundred yards from the ferry dock, and within walking distance of a good little coffee shop, book shop, distillery shop, and general stores. There are a few "starter" items on this page, but the main focus is the newsletter (nominally bi-monthly), called Colonsay History. , The nature of island life was exemplified by a story reported in 1993 that, at that time, the last recorded crime was treachery against the King in 1623. Donald McNeill, Elderslie; McNeill Portraits 1880-1910; and Alexander McNeill, Laird of Colonsay, his Will. The shop has it's own website which can be found at www.colonsayshop.net and you can follow us on twitter @colonsayshop. COLONSAY KINDRED No. The Estate is very much a family run business, with a number of family members involved in its day to day management. Hotels - 8 rooms Built in 1750 as an inn for the local population and the rare visitor, the exterior of The Colonsay hotel in Scotland has remained largely unchanged. Stylish log room, bar, old dining room, restaurant, conservatory. The highest point on the island is Carnan Eoin, 143 m (469 ft) above sea level. The first thing I must say is that staff at the hotel were all friendly, knowledgable and very helpful during out stay. The tradition of joint worship continues and everyone now gathers at the Psrish Church at Scalasaig (Sundays 11.30). It hath ane paroch kirke. Media interest was stirred when it was reported that this was the first recorded crime since 2004 and the "first ever theft from a house". They are both owned by the Byrne family of Colonsay, and if you mention Colonsay you will be eligible for a special rate, summer or winter, subject to availability. It was later discovered that the gravel had been removed by a builder working on behalf of one of the crofters.. Colonsay was owned by Euan Howard, 4th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal until his death in 2018 and Colonsay House is currently occupied by his elder son, Alexander Howard, 5th Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal and his family. Aligned on a south-west to north-east axis, it measures 8 miles (13 kilometres) in length and reaches 3 mi (5 km) at its widest point. The first signal I received about a permanent closure was an alarming picture of the welcome sign of the garden which stood proudly besides the only road on the island near the entrance. It is linked by a tidal causeway (called The Strand) to Oronsay. In 1995 evidence of large-scale Mesolithic nut shelling, some 8,000 years ago, was found in a midden pit at Staosnaig on the island's sheltered east coast, in a large, shallow pit full of the remains of hundreds of thousands of burned hazelnut shells. The line up for 2013 was headed by crime writer Ian Rankin.. Award winning accommodation. She then went on to study at Glasgow School of Art from which she graduated in 1952 and moved on to undertake her teacher training in Jordanhill. The modern Gaelic is Colbhasa. The Colonsay Hotel is set on the Isle of Colonsay, in the Southern Hebrides off the coast of Scotland.  Scalasaig also has a Norse derivation and means "Skali's bay".. Its aim is to encourage tourism onto the island, with events and activities led by both local inhabitants and visiting guest "speakers/experts".. The island is home to a herd of wild goats, and is known for its bird life including black-legged kittiwakes, cormorants, guillemots, corncrakes and golden eagles. It is distilled at Langley Distillery in a cooperation with master distiller Rob Dorset. Next edition due June 2015, Please note that a vast amount of genealogical material is hosted at www.colonsay.info It includes shipping lists, Birth, Marriages, Deaths, census returns, gravestone inscriptions and it is intended develop that site with additional One Name material for family historians.  The scale of the activity, unparalleled elsewhere in Scotland, and the lack of large game on the island, suggests that Colonsay's inhabitants were largely vegetarian. The Pantry is located near the pier in Scalasaig. Similar sites in Britain and its dependencies are known only at Farnham in Surrey and Cass ny Hawin on the Isle of Man. During the 18th century the lairds of the island were McNeils and included Archibald MacNeil. The eighth century Riasg Buidhe Cross has been re-erected in the gardens of Colonsay House.  During the same period Scottish island populations as a whole grew by 4% to 103,702.  In February 2017 a company called Wild Thyme Spirits Ltd, started by husband and wife team Finlay and Eileen Geekie who moved to Colonsay from Oxfordshire in 2016, brought out a product called Colonsay Gin which is believed to be distilled at Strathearn Distillery in Perthshire. 3 February 2015: Contents refer to Malcolm McNeill & Catherine Stewart; Allen McNeill and the MacDonald chieftain connection; information on the direct descendants of Malcolm MacPhee, chief of the clan; and an update on Victorian Cartes de Visite. The island has a tiny bookshop specialising in books of local interest; it is also the home of the House of Lochar publishing company specialising in Scottish history.  Colonsay's main settlement is Scalasaig (Gaelic: Sgalasaig) on the east coast. ), and to try to add some Colonsay Family History via Colonsay Kindred in the intervening months. Little Colonsay The island once belonged to the Macquaries of Ulva and is now owned by Michael Hare, 2nd Viscount Blakenham.  The next reported crime was in 2013 involving vandalism to a car. The ruins of the Chapel of St. Mary are little more than foundations and may date to an even earlier period. Book The Colonsay, Isle of Colonsay on Tripadvisor: See 224 traveller reviews, 52 candid photos, and great deals for The Colonsay, ranked #1 of 1 hotel in Isle of Colonsay …  In 2016 the brewery launched a gin, called Wild Island Botanic Gin, distilled with hand gathered wild botanicals from the island. Details appear locally, and it is hoped that visitors and locals alike will "adopt" favourite bits of coastline for special attention. Hotels in Isle of Colonsay. Dinwoodie, Robin (31 May 2010) "The boy from Colonsay takes on critical job at Treasury". COLONSAY HISTORY No. 2007 saw the opening of the Colonsay Brewery, a micro-brewery that employs two people and offers three different products. COLONSAY HISTORY No. COLONSAY HISTORY No. 4 April 2015: Contents - follow the link and see it now. Obair an Tobair: It is hoped to make a gentle start on cleaning out and preserving the old wells and springs which were so important up until 1984 but which are now rapidly disappearing. Between Cable Bay and Sir John's Pool on the south east coast with Islay in the distance. COLONSAY HISTORY No. Colonsay House Gardens Cafe, Isle of Colonsay: See 46 unbiased reviews of Colonsay House Gardens Cafe, rated 4.5 of 5 on Tripadvisor and ranked #2 of 4 restaurants in Isle of Colonsay. Charming, small, independently owned hotel sitting on a hill above the Colonsay harbour with stunning sea views towards the Isle of Jura. , Colonsay's name derives from Old Norse and means "Kolbein's island" (although Haswell-Smith offers "Columba's island"). They are both owned by the Byrne family of Colonsay, and if you mention Colonsay you will be eligible for a special rate, summer or winter, subject to availability. Ascend it to the right. The current owner is Alex Howard, who lives on Colonsay with his wife and family. COLONSAY KINDRED No. The Colonsay Hotel, the only hotel on the island, is also estate owned.. This has now become an annual event and has seen performances by numerous well-known artists including Phil Cunningham & Aly Bain, Karen Matheson, and Karine Polwart as well as performances from local island musicians. It includes the metawackes of the Oronsay Greywacke Formation, the sandstones of the Dun Gallain Grit Formation, the metasandstones and metamudstones of the Machrins Arkose, Kilchattan and Milbuie formations, the sandstones and phyllites of the Kiloran Flags Formation and the phyllitic semipelites and quartzites of the Staosnaig Phyllite Formation. The nuts were radiocarbon dated to 7720±110 BP, which calibratesto c. 6000 BCE. Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts.A copy of the license is included in the section entitled GNU Free Documentation License. Book Online Now! Intrusive igneous rocks are represented by diorites and monzonites of the 'North Britain Siluro-Devonian Calc-Alkaline Dyke Suite' seen at Scalasaig and Balnahard. Bodies washed ashore in Colonsay during WWII, transcription of official document (KB). If you are interested in any general aspect of Colonsay History, please bookmark the site you are now on and feel free to contribute. Additional material is welcome by byrne[at]colonsay.org.uk. Colonsay Community Development Company, the local development trust is “engaged in a range of work which reflects a sustainable approach to the regeneration of our island”. Colonsay's best known beach, Kiloran Bay, is a vast stretch of golden sands and draws locals and tourists alike while maintaining an isolated and peaceful atmosphere. The Colonsay Hotel. Hazelnuts have been found on other Mesolithic sites, but rarely in such quantities or concentrated in one pit. Colonsay and Oronsay are home to about 50 colonies of the European dark bee the Apis mellifera mellifera. The pit was originally on a beach close to the shore, and there were two smaller stone-lined pits, whose function remains obscure, a hearth, and a second cluster of pits.  The American author John McPhee, descended from a Colonsay emigrant, spent a summer on Colonsay, out of which was published The Crofter and the Laird in 1969. Colonsay has an oceanic climate (Köppen: Cfb). There are currently around 10-12 people in their 20s and 30s, most with family links to the island, trying to make a go of living on Colonsay. Hazelnuts have been found on other Mesolithic sites, but rarely in such quantities or concentrated in one pit.
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